The dystopian society described in George Orwell’s 1984 novel is one in which the party and its enigmatic leader, Big Brother, exercise complete control over all aspects of society. It was written as a sarcasm on Stalinism, this book has remained applicable over time as it deals with moment’s world ruled by capitalism and sophisticated systems of propaganda and surveillance.
With no privacy and constant “Big Brother” surveillance, the scene is set in a totalitarian society of the future. Through “telescreens” that not only watch over every move but also broadcast relentless propaganda, the Party distorts information, shapes minds, and destroys history. Subversive ideas are all but impossible to think because “newspeak” has corrupted language itself.
Thoughtcrime, doublethink, and the thought police are brilliantly developed ideas by Orwell, demonstrating the author’s imagination and foresight. The themes explored in this novel are still pretty much relevant. Characters from Nineteen Eighty-Four, like Winston, Julia, and O’Brien, as well as the dreadful Room 101, have made a lasting impression on literature and popular culture. Readers have a strong emotional connection to the Oceania universe and its oppressive government of Ingsoc and the Party, making it difficult to imagine a world without Orwell’s influence.
Drawing comparisons to past governments like National Socialism and Communism, the book serves as a potent warning against totalitarianism and extreme authoritarianism. It feels eerily real and thought-provoking how Orwell depicts mass hysteria, xenophobia, and blind allegiance to the Party. George Orwell’s seminal book Nineteen Eighty-Four established the dystopian subgenre. Because of its timeless relevance, insightful depiction of totalitarianism, and examination of human nature, it is a fundamental literary work that has had an impact on readers all over the world.